India foils attempt to beat it up with historic polluters at COP27

New Delhi: Supported by other developing countries, India blocked an attempt by wealthy nations to target the top 20 emitters of carbon dioxide during discussions on the ‘Mitigation Work Programme’ at the ongoing UN climate summit in Egypt, sources said Monday.

During the first week of climate talks, developed countries wanted the top 20 emitters, including India and China, to discuss deep emissions cuts and not just the rich nations that are historically responsible for climate change, they said. There are developing countries among the top 20 emitters, including India, that are not responsible for the warming that has already occurred.

According to the sources, India rejected the attempt with the support of like-minded developing countries including China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bhutan.

The “MWP should not lead to the reopening of the Paris Agreement,” which clearly mentions that countries’ climate commitments should be determined at the national level based on circumstances, India and other developing countries reportedly said.

At COP26 in Glasgow last year, parties recognized that a 45 percent reduction in global CO2 emissions by 2030 (compared to 2010 levels) is required to limit average global temperature rise to 1, 5 degrees centigrade.
Consequently, they agreed to develop a Mitigation Work Program (MWP) to “urgently scale-up mitigation ambition and implementation”.

Mitigation means reducing emissions, ambition means setting stronger targets, and implementation means meeting new and existing targets.

Entering COP27, developing countries expressed concern that rich nations, through the MWP, will pressure them to revise their climate goals without improving the supply of technology and financing.

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In the run-up to COP27, India had said that the MWP cannot be allowed to “change the targets” set by the Paris Agreement. “In the Mitigation Work Program, best practices, new technologies and new modes of collaboration for technology transfer and capacity building can be fruitfully discussed,” the Union Environment Ministry said.

An analysis by Carbon Brief shows that the US has emitted more than 509 GtCO2 since 1850 and is responsible for the largest share of historical emissions, at about 20 percent of the global total. China is a relatively distant second, at 11 percent, followed by Russia (7 percent). India ranks seventh, with 3.4% of the cumulative total.

The global surface temperature of the Earth has increased by about 1.15 degrees Celsius compared to the pre-industrial average (1850-1900) and the CO2 released into the atmosphere since the beginning of the industrial revolution is closely related to this. Significant damage had already been done before 1990, when economies like India began to develop.

According to the “2022 Global Carbon Budget Report,” more than half of global CO2 emissions in 2021 came from three places: China (31%), the US (14%), and the European Union ( 8%). . In fourth place, India accounted for 7 percent of global CO2 emissions.
However, at 2.4 tCO2e (tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent), India’s greenhouse gas emissions per capita are well below the global average of 6.3 tCO2e, according to a report published by the Program for the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) last month.

Per capita emissions in the US (14 tCO2e) are well above the world average, followed by Russia (13 tCO2e), China (9.7 tCO2e), Brazil and Indonesia (about 7.5 tCO2e each). ) and the European Union (7.2 tCO2e).

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