India Submits Updated NDC to UNFCCC, Says Step Towards Net Zero by 2070, Energy News, ET EnergyWorld

India submits updated NDC to UNFCCC, says it's a step towards net zero by 2070

India has submitted its updated Nationally Determined Contribution under the Paris Agreement to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, emphasizing that it is a step forward towards its long-term goal of reaching net zero by 2070.

In a cover letter accompanying the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) document submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on August 23, Union Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav , said India’s NDC does not tie it to any sector-specific mitigation actions or obligations. .

On August 3, the Union Cabinet approved the country’s updated NDC, incorporating Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘Panchamrit’ (five elements of nectar) strategy announced at the Glasgow conference last year into enhanced climate targets.

Under the updated NDC, India now commits to reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 45% by 2030, from the 2005 level, and to achieve around 50% of cumulative electric power installed capacity from natural resources. energy sources based on non-fossil fuels by 2030.

To promote a healthy and sustainable lifestyle, ‘LIFE – Lifestyle for the Environment’ has been added to India’s NDC as a key to combating climate change.

“India reaffirms its commitment to the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. This update to India’s existing NDC is a step forward towards our long-term goal of reaching net zero by 2070,” the document reads. NDC updated.

India’s NDC is ambitious and a significant contribution to achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement. Environmentally sustainable and low-carbon initiatives are underpinning all key sectors of the Indian economy, he said.

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“India’s goal is to reduce the overall emissions intensity and improve the energy efficiency of its economy over time while protecting vulnerable sectors of the economy and segments of our society,” said the minister of Environment, Yadav.

NDC stands for national plans and commitments made by a country to meet the goal of keeping global temperature increases well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, while targeting 1.5 degrees Celsius to avoid the worst impacts of climate change.

India had submitted its first NDC to the UNFCCC on October 2, 2015.

It had eight targets, of which three had quantitative targets up to 2030: the cumulative installed electric power capacity from non-fossil sources to reach 40 percent, reduce GDP emissions intensity by 33 to 35 percent compared with 2005 levels and create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through increased forest and tree cover.

At the 26th session of the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP26) last November, Modi had announced that India’s non-fossil power capacity will reach 500 gigawatts by 2030.

He said India will meet 50 per cent of its power requirements from renewable energy sources by 2030 and cut its total projected carbon emissions by 1 billion tonnes by that year.

India will cut the carbon intensity of its economy by 45 percent from 2005 levels and reach the goal of net zero emissions by 2070, Modi said.

The five promises are called ‘Panchamrit’.