India unveils long-term strategy to achieve net zero emissions target by 2070

New Delhi, November 14 (PTI) India on Monday presented to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) its long-term plan to achieve the goal of net zero emissions by 2070, emphasizing climate justice, sustainable lifestyles and equity.

Fifty-eight countries have so far submitted their Long-Term Low-Emission Development Strategies (LT-LEDS).

Under the Paris Agreement, countries must submit long-term low-emissions action plans to help achieve the global goal of limiting temperature rises to 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to the pre-industrial average.

Short-term action plans to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius are called Nationally Determined Contributions or NDCs that countries are required to submit every five years.

Net zero means achieving a balance between greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere and those removed.

Launching the strategy at the ongoing UN climate summit in Egypt, Union Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav called it a long-term vision of transition across all sectors of the economy, including electricity, transportation, industry, urban, forestry and carbon removal technologies.

India’s approach to low carbon development is based on four key considerations: historically low contribution to global warming, energy needs for development, commitment to low carbon growth according to national circumstances and the need to build climate resilience. , said.

The strategy emphasizes ‘climate justice’, ‘sustainable lifestyles’ and the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. It also absorbs the spirit of LiFE (lifestyle for the environment).

‘LT-LEDS has been prepared within the framework of India’s right to an equitable and fair share of the world’s carbon budget. This is the practical implementation of India’s call for climate justice,” Yadav said.

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The carbon budget is the amount of carbon dioxide the world can emit while still having a chance of containing global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels, as set by the Paris Agreement.

The strategy emphasizes energy security, energy access and employment while focusing on the vision of ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’ (Self-reliant India) and ‘Make in India’, Yadav said.

India also urged developed countries to come up with their immediate plans on how they would achieve their goals.

“We see that after the current energy crisis, many have turned to increasing fossil fuels for energy security. It is not enough to say that emissions reduction targets will be met, when the reality is that they will unevenly consume even more of the carbon budget.

‘In an Implementation COP, it is fundamental to advance adaptation and loss and damage. The time has come to tell the developing world how the promise of USD 100 billion is going to be fulfilled. We in Glasgow note with regret that, in fact, it is not being followed. The world would like to know how resources will be mobilized to meet the world’s adaptation needs, estimates of which are constantly rising,” Yadav said.

“We cannot have a situation where the energy security of developing countries is ignored in the name of urgent mitigation, while developed nations put their energy security above their duty to increase their mitigation ambition through action. practices,” added the minister. PTI GVS CJ CJ