Ukraine Flash Appeal (March-August 2022) – Ukraine

This document provides an update to the initial Ukraine Flash Appeal, which was released on March 1, 2022, five days after the war began on February 24.

Six weeks on, needs have continued to rise, while the humanitarian response has significantly expanded in scale and scope, thanks to rapid funding allocated against the initial Flash Appeal, prompting a review and extension of the Ukraine Flash Appeal through August. of 2022.

Evolution of the crisis

The war in Ukraine, which began on February 24, has caused death and suffering on a dramatic scale, leaving at least 15.7 million people in urgent need of protection and humanitarian assistance.

As of April 21, at least 2,345 civilians had been killed, including 177 children, according to the latest estimates by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.

However, the actual death toll is likely to be much higher. In Mariupol alone, local authorities estimate that tens of thousands of people have died, while recent revelations of mass graves in Bucha, Irpin and other areas around kyiv highlight the likelihood of many more deaths that have gone uncounted. Warfare has seen the use of explosive weapons with a wide impact area in urban environments, including bombardment by heavy artillery and multiple launch rocket systems, and air and missile attacks. The presence of landmines and unexploded ordnance is also of great concern. Even before this war, eastern Ukraine was one of the most mine-contaminated regions in the world.

The conflict has caused the world’s fastest-growing displacement crisis since World War II, with nearly 13 million people uprooted in less than two months. More than a quarter of Ukraine’s population has fled their homes, including more than 7.7 million people now estimated to be internally displaced and more than 5.2 million people who have crossed borders to seek safety. in other countries, most of them women and children.
Nearly two-thirds of the children in Ukraine have been displaced.

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Massive devastation in urban centers and the destruction of civilian infrastructure have made life unbearable for millions of people and have severely disrupted critical services, especially health care. In the besieged areas, people have lived for weeks without access to food, water and heating, under the constant threat of shelling. More than half of all attacks on health facilities in the world this year (119 of 182 as of April 11) have occurred in Ukraine. These attacks have decimated access to medical care at a time when people need it most: women have been forced to give birth in basements, injured people have been denied access to care, and sick children have lost access to life-saving treatment.

Approximately 300 health facilities are in conflict areas and 1,000 health facilities are in areas that have changed control. Nearly 50 percent of Ukraine’s pharmacies are believed to be closed and many health workers are displaced or unable to work. Other civilian infrastructure has also been severely affected: more than 869 educational establishments have been damaged and 88 destroyed, according to the Ministry of Education, although these figures are unverified.

Millions of people, including women and young children, have been left without access to clean water or sanitation, dramatically increasing the risk of waterborne diseases and dehydration. Due to attacks on the water system infrastructure and power outages, an estimated 1.4 million people in eastern Ukraine do not have access to water, and another 4.6 million people across the country alone. They have limited access.

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Poor water quality can lead to illnesses, including skin infections and scabies. People have to live in crowded conditions and cannot follow basic hygiene measures, including menstrual hygiene. This could lead to respiratory tract infections and the spread of COVID-19. Low and poor water supplies can also cause outbreaks of communicable diseases, including cholera. The bacterium that causes cholera is present in the Mariupol area, as highlighted by the reported outbreak in the city in 2011.

War is impacting women and men in different ways and is exacerbating pre-existing inequalities, according to a Rapid Gender Analysis by UN Women and CARE. Ukraine’s population has a distinctly gendered profile, with 54% women and 46% men, including a particularly large population of older women. Before the escalation of the war, 71% of household heads in government-controlled areas were women. Women from groups in vulnerable situations are being left behind and are disproportionately affected by the disruption caused by war, while the displacement and flow of refugees is largely gendered.

The threat of gender-based violence, including conflict-related sexual violence, sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA), and human trafficking, has increased exponentially since the war began. Two-thirds of women in Ukraine had experienced some form of gender-based violence in their pre-conflict lives, and the deteriorating security context has greatly increased the risk of multiple forms of violence.

There are increasing reports of sexual violence perpetrated against women and girls during war.
Armed conflict can prevent farmers from accessing their fields, harvesting and marketing current crops, planting new crops, or maintaining livestock production. Between 20 and 30 percent of the winter grain, maize and sunflower production areas will remain unharvested in July/August, or will not be planted this spring, according to the Government and FAO. About half of the winter wheat and a third of the rye to be harvested between July and August 2022 are currently in war-affected areas. There are also concerns about damage to standing crops and the risk that mines and unexploded ordnance will affect the ability to harvest in the coming period.

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The war has also devastated Ukraine’s economy. Ukraine’s Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal has said that economic losses due to the ongoing military offensive may exceed $1 trillion, while some 53 percent of employed Ukrainians have lost their jobs since the war began, according to a national survey. by the Rating Group in March.