UNICEF South Sudan Humanitarian Situation Report No. 170: 1 January – 30 June 2022 – South Sudan

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From January 2022, with support from UNICEF:

• 143,986 children (77,974 girls and 66,012 boys) with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have received treatment

• 311,000 pregnant and lactating women and children received long-lasting treated bed nets to prevent malaria

• 263,827 women, men, boys and girls gained access to drinking water through the construction and rehabilitation of water points and trucks

• 856,000 boys and girls improved access to quality education through inclusive education activities throughout the country

• 28,934 children received mental health and psychosocial support services (MHPSS) through child-friendly spaces.

Situation in Numbers

4.5 million children in need of humanitarian assistance (UNICEF, HAC, 2022)

8.9 million people in need of humanitarian assistance (OCHA, HNO, HRP, March 2022)

2 million internally displaced persons (OCHA, Snapshot, April 2022)

1.4 million children are expected to suffer from acute malnutrition (UNICEF, HAC, 2022)

Funding and Partnerships Overview

In 2022, UNICEF requires USD 183.6 million to provide an integrated package of WASH, nutrition, education, child protection and health services to address the needs of nearly 4.5 million people, including women and children. As of June 2022, available funds total $58.7 million, resulting in a funding gap of 68%. UNICEF is asking donors to contribute to its Humanitarian Appeal for Children (HAC) to enable the delivery of an integrated survival and development package for children affected by conflict in South Sudan.

Summary of the situation and humanitarian needs

South Sudan is facing some of the highest humanitarian needs since independence 11 years ago. More than 8.9 million people (4.5 million children) need some form of protection and humanitarian assistance. The country continues to experience the cumulative effects of years of conflict, subnational violence, flooding, and unprecedented inflation. In 2022, South Sudan has continued to see high levels of gender-based violence and reports of significant human rights violations, including the abduction of children and civilian casualties of the conflict. More than 100,000 people have been displaced for the first time in 2022, largely due to violent conflict, including in the Abyei Administrative Area, Unity and Eastern Equatoria, resulting in the destruction of homes and loss of life. In addition, hundreds of thousands of families continue to be displaced due to the unprecedented flooding of the last 3 years that they have not lived through. As such, families were able to return to their homes or farms during the dry season, which is further diminishing their ability to survive and increasing dependency on humanitarian assistance. With the start of the new rainy season, residual flooding, and wetter-than-average conditions projected for the region, populations in 2022 are expected to face worsening flood conditions and further displacement.

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The country is already facing its highest levels of food insecurity and malnutrition since independence with an estimated 1.4 million children and 480,000 pregnant or lactating women expected to be acutely malnourished and in need of treatment, including 302,163 malnourished children. severe acute (SAM). By June, cases of malnutrition have already peaked, representing a 28% increase in admissions compared to previous years. This is due to multiple factors including worsening vulnerability, inflation, high displacement, flooding, violence, and limited access to health care for preventable illnesses such as diarrhea and malaria. So far in 2022, 5 measles, 1 meningitius and 1 cholera outbreaks have been reported, as well as ongoing hepatitis E infections affecting the most vulnerable women and children and largely displaced communities.

South Sudan is also extremely vulnerable to external shocks, including COVID-19 and the impact of the Ukraine crisis. Rising global fuel prices have led to increased costs for basic goods, including products for the treatment of malnutrition. Global price increases, combined with local currency depreciation and seasonal access conditions, have resulted in significant increases in domestic food and fuel prices that affect the ability of populations to access their household needs. Despite worsening humanitarian conditions, access restrictions and funding cuts continue to hamper the humanitarian community’s efforts to support communities and authorities with their basic needs and rights. In 2022, violence and threats against humanitarian personnel and assets and bureaucratic impediments continued to affect the delivery of assistance. While the Government has made some progress in establishing new security arrangements between the Kit Gwang forces and the regular armed forces, the re-establishment of national and state parliaments, the formation of various mechanisms of government, and a date for the graduation of the unified armed forces, not many elements of the peace agreement remain unfulfilled.

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